What can be added to narration of minority language to make it fun and increase vocabulary and increase critical thinking skills, imagination,improve memory in children and, perhaps, add humor.
To help children learn about riddles, this concept can be introduced : “a riddle is a question that turns into a joke. It starts with a puzzling question and ends with an answer that surprises you and usually makes you laugh. The answer to the riddle is called the punch line. The question and answer make a riddle when the same words have two different meanings.”(Zipke, M. (2008). Teaching Metalinguistic Awareness and Reading Comprehension With Riddles. The Reading Teacher, 62(2), 128–137.)
Even if the child does not speak much yet or there is a speech delay or child is avoiding using your language, riddles can be a way to motivate and provide opportunities for communication.
Below there are some examples. Personally, I don`t intend to memorize everything, it is helping me to talk to my child while enjoy cooking and talking our native languages to our child.
Много одежек И все – без застежек. Кто его раздевает, Тот слезы проливает. (Лук).
Pelo verde, barba roja, se deshoja y comienza tu congoja. ( la cebolla).
When I am alive I do not speak. Anyone who wants to takes me captive and cuts off my head.
They bite my bare body I do no harm to anyone unless they cut me first. Then I soon make them cry.
И чернил он не видал, Фиолетовым вдруг стал. И блестит весь от похвал Очень важный …(баклажан).
translation: Turned purple without ink, shiny and very important.
Una señorita va por el mercado con su cola verde y el traje morado.( la berenjena).
translation: a girl goes to a market with her green braid and purple dress.
There are also many poems that can be incorporated while cooking or eating. Here is an example in Spanish:
Qué ricas las frutas que voy a comer, si tu me acompañas contento estaré.
Qué rica naranja que calma mi sed, la piña, manzana y mango también.
Comamos las frutas que nos hacen bien, el plátano crudo o frito tal vez.
La pera, el durazno las uvas también, el higo y papaya qué ricas se ven.
Qué ricas las frutas que voy a comer.
What tasty fruits will I eat, if you accompany I’ll be happy.
How tasty is the orange that satisfies my thirst, pineapple, apple and mango too.
Eat fruits that make us healthy, raw or fried plantain sometimes.
Pear, grapes peach also, fig and papaya are looking tasty.
What tasty fruits will I eat.
So far I am a bit skeptical about flash cards, as I believe you need to show real objects.
However, I found nice real-like prints, at the back I have riddles.
What can be done:
1. place card reverse side (with text) and have real fruits and vegetables near-by. Reply a riddle by matching card to fruit, check for picture at the back.
2.read a riddle aloud to your child and let him try to guess what is that.
3. Cook these rainbow gummy sweets
and say the ingredients during preparation, guess taste with eyes closed (in this case make 1 flavor sweet).
When cooking you can use this fun Spanish poem as a structure and this way your child also learns why it is good to eat fruits and vegetables:
En casa de mi abuela
aprendí a preparar
una rica ensalada
que te voy a invitar. Mezclo lechuga, cebolla
y pepino también,
luego un rojo tomate
que seleccioné bien.
para la visión,
eso lo aprendí
Un chorrito de aceite
con jugo de limón
que dicen es bueno
para la digestión;
una pizca de pimienta
otra pizca de sal
y con esta ensalada
no tengo rival.
me voy a comer,
porque fuerte y sano
yo quiero crecer.
Ahora me quito
porque este gran verso
llegó al final.
At my grandmother’s house I learned to prepare
a tasty salad and I’m going to invite you. Mix lettuce, onion and cucumber
too, then a red tomato
that I have selected well. I add carrots for vision,
this I learned while watching TV. A little oil with lemon juice they say it is good for digestion; a pinch of pepper , another pinch of salt and this salad is out of competition. I’m eating many vegetables
, because I want to grow
strong and healthy. Now I take off and hang up an apron because this great verse has reached its end.
For more just visit this collection of riddle in Spanish for all sorts of topics or Russian.